Reference Library

  • 'Anxiety'

    People with anxiety disorders experience persistent fear, worry, or dread, which is out of proportion to the circumstances, causes them significant distress and/or interferes with their daily functioning.

  • 'Bipolar Disorder'

    People with bipolar disorder (previously called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) experience a cycle of mood swings between depression and mania (elation). A less severe form of mania is termed hypomania. Both the manic and depressive phases vary widely in intensity and duration. People with bipolar disorder often spend more time in the depressive phase of illness than the manic or hypomanic phase.

  • 'Depression'

    People with depressive disorders have persistently depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities, often accompanied by changes in thinking, behaviour and/or physical health. Having depression is also a significant risk factor for suicidal thoughts or actions.

  • 'Eating Disorders'

    Eating disorders are characterized by excessive and persistently disturbed eating or eating-related behaviours that lead to changes in the person’s consumption of food to a degree that is harmful to their health and well-being.

  • 'Psychosis'

    Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders are made up of disorders that include schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, and schizotypal personality disorder. Schizophrenia spectrum diagnoses make up about two-thirds of all psychotic disorders.

  • 'Substance Use Disorder'

    A substance can be anything that is ingested in order to produce a high, alter one's senses, or otherwise affect mood, perception and consciousness. There are nine separate classes of drugs identified in the DSM-5 that can involved in a substance use disorder: alcohol; cannabis; hallucinogens; inhalants; opioids; sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics; stimulants (amphetamine-type substances, cocaine, and other stimulants); tobacco; and other (or unknown) substances.

  • 'Suicide and Self-Harm'

    People who engage in self-harm deliberately hurt their bodies. The term 'self-harm' (also referred to as 'deliberate self-injury' or parasuicide) refers to a range of behaviours, not a mental disorder or illness. The most common methods of self-harm among young people are cutting and deliberately overdosing on medication (self-poisoning). Other methods include burning the body, pinching or scratching oneself, hitting or banging body parts, hanging, and interfering with wound healing.